Chapter Four: Using Light and Dark
Pp. 63 – 64. On using different grades of pencil to get tone etc. ‘Press hard, but not so hard as to emboss the paper.’ He cautions against rubbing the pencil marks to blend them as this ‘almost always results in muddy-looking tones that have lost their vitality and freshness’ and advises that it might be ‘helpful to go back over [the blended areas] with a pencil once again and allow this layer to remain unsmudged.’ My note: This is very useful if you want to keep the marks ‘alive’, but blending pencil marks with finger, cotton pad/bud or tortillon does produce a very smooth effect, which if that is what you are after is OK. The point about not pressing so hard that you emboss is important. I have also noticed that if you are using a firm pressure the underlying surface will produce a frottage effect so if a smooth effect is required then a smooth surface is needed under the paper. Sorry if this is obvious to other people but I am pretty new to pencil drawing!
Chapter 5: Photographs, Grids, and Projected Images. I am going to try some of the techniques described in this section as I develop work for Assignment 3. (Pp. 95 – 117)